Most Wanted: Art  

The Most Wanted: list of works of art includes 25 major works of art that, based on our research, survived the war. While this list of missing items has been created with great care, it is the nature of historical research that the accuracy of all details cannot be guaranteed.

Submissions, containing photographs, in particular of the reverse side of the object, and information similar to the entries below, should be forwarded to: WWIIart @ monumentsmenfoundation . org.

Bellotto - view of Grand Canal in Venice

Medium: oil on canvas 
Height: 22.83 in. (58.00 cm.)
Width: 33.10 in. (84.00 cm.)
Property of the Borbone-Parma Collection

Stolen by soldiers of the German Army from Villa delle Pianore, Lucca, Italy in the spring of 1944.

(Source: Treasures Untraced. An Inventory of the Italian Art Treasures Lost During the Second World War, 1995)

View of the Grand Canal in Venice

Bernardo Bellotto

Medium: Tempera on Panel
Height: 19.68 in. (50.00 cm.)
Width: 15.00 in. (38.00 cm.)
Property of the Filangieri Museum, Napels, Italy

Stolen by soldiers of the German Army form Villa San Paolo di Belsito, Naples, Italy, Septemeber 30, 1943.

(Source: Treasures Untraced. An Inventory of the Italian Art Treasures Lost During the Second World War, 1995)

Portrait of a Man

Sandro Botticelli

Medium: Oil on Canvas
Height: 29.13 in. (74.00 cm.)
Width: 48.81 in. (124.00 cm.)
Property of the Bernard Altmann Collection, Vienna, Austria

Seized with the entire Altmann collection from the Altmann villa in Vienna on June 13, 1938. Sold at auction at Dorotheum in Vienna June 17-22, 1938.

(Source: Heirs/Representatives)

Riva degli Schiavoni in Venice

Canaletto

Medium: Oil on Canvas
Height: 17.71 in. (45.00 cm.)
Width: 27.95 in. (71.00 cm.)
Property of the Gemäldegalerie in Berlin, Germany (formerly the Kaiser-Friedrich Museum)

Inventory Number 875 A; Missing from Berlin Friedrichshain Flak tower (Flakturm II) repository, Germany, in early May 1945.

(Source: Gemäldegalerie Staatliche Museen zu Berlin)

Calm with Sailing Vessels

Jan van de Cappelle

Medium: Oil on Canvas
Height: 23.22 in. (66.00 cm.)
Width: 14.17 in. (53.00 cm.)
Property of the Gemäldegalerie in Berlin, Germany (formerly the Kaiser-Friedrich Museum)

Inventory Number 356; Missing from Berlin-Friedrichshain Flak tower (Flakturm II) repository, Germany, in early May 1945.

(Source: Gemäldegalerie Staatliche Museen zu Berlin)

Portrait of a young woman

Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio

Medium: oil on canvas 
Height: 18.89 in. (48.00 cm.)
Width: 22.83 in. (58.00 cm.)
Property of Kulturhistorisches Museum in Magdeburg, Germany (formerly the Kaiser-Friedrich Museum)

Missing from the Stassfurt salt mines art repository near Magdeburg, Germany, on April 12, 1945.

(Source: Kulturhistorisches Museum in Magdeburg, formerly the Kaiser-Friedrich Museum)

Auvers on the River Oise

Paul Cézanne

Medium: Oil on popular panel
Height: 24.40 in. (62.00 cm.)
Width: 20.07 in. (51.00 cm.)
Property of the Gemäldegalerie in Berlin, Germany (formerly the Kaiser-Friedrich Museum)

Inventory Number 875; Missing from Berlin-Friedrichshain Flak tower (Flakturm II) repository, Germany, in early May 1945.

(Source: Gemäldegalerie Staatliche Museen zu Berlin)

Virgin and child

Cima da Conegliano

Medium: Oil on canvas
Height: 47.24 in. (120.00 cm.)
Width: 36.22 in. (92.00 cm.)
Property of Fritz Goldscmidt, and wife Thea (geb. Cohn) 

Possible confiscated from Fritz and Thea Goldschmidt's Villa in Breslau, Kommendeweg, while they were deported to Theresiendstadt and then Auschwitz, before 1943. Later it appeared in a Private Collection. On November 29, 2006, it was sold at Auction House Lempertz, Koln, Lot 65. On June 17, 2008, it was offered at Kinsky Kunst Auktionen, Vienna, Lot 139. Whereabouts unknown. (Source: Heirs/Representatives)

Tyrolian woman with cat

Lovis Corinth

Medium: oil on panel 
Height: 25.00 in. (63.50 cm.)
Width: 15.94 in. (40.50 cm.)
Property of Friedrich (Fritz) Bernhard Eugen Gutmann

Confiscated in Heemstede, Holland, Summer 1940.

(Source: Heirs/Representatives)

Kurfürst Johann Friedrich von Sachsen (Elector John Frederick of Saxony)

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Medium: Oil on oak panel
Height: 19.29 in. (49.00 cm.)
Width: 28.74 in. (73.00 cm.)
Property of the Gemäldegalerie in Berlin, Germany (formerly the Kaiser-Friedrich Museum)

Inventory Number 861G; Missing from Berlin-Friedrichshain Flak tower (Flakturm II) repository, Germany, in early May 1945.

(Source: Gemäldegalerie Staatliche Museen zu Berlin)

Spring Landscape with Pool

Aelbert Cuyp

Medium: Pastel on monotype
Height: 13.03 in. (33.10 cm.)
Width: 16.62 in. (41.30 cm.)
Property of Friedrich (Fritz) Bernhard Eugen Gutmann

Confiscated by the Nazi Looting organization (ERR) from the Wacker-Bondy warehouse at 236 Blvd. Raspail, Paris, France, in June 1942.

(Source: Heirs/Representatives)

Femme se chauffant / La Coiffure / Scene de Toilette / Woman warming herself / Combing the hair

Edgar Degas

Medium: Oil on canvas
Height: 33.46 in. (85.00 cm.)
Width: 22.04 in. (56.00 cm.)
Property of Dr. Fritz Salo Glaser

Dr. Glaser was forced to sell this painting to the Berlin collector Conrad Doebbeke, Berlin, Germany between 1942 and 1945, in order to pay Jewish property tax. Doebbeke's heirs then sold the painting at auction with Ketterer in Stuttgart 29/30 May 1959. The painting was known to be in a Private Collection, Hamburg, from which it was stolen in the 1970s. Current whereabouts unknown. (Source: Heirs/Representatives)

Elsa, the Countess

Otto Dix

Medium: oil on panel 
Height: 21.25 in. (54.00 cm.)
Width: 16.14 in. (41.00 cm.)
Property of the Contini Bonacossi collection

Stolen by soldiers of the 362nd Division of the German Army from the Villa di Trefiano in Poggio a Caiano, near Florence, Italy, on August 26, 1944. (Source: Treasures Untraced. An Inventory of the Italian Art Treasures Lost During the Second World War, 1995)

Copy of 'the night' by Correggio

El Greco

Medium: Oil on poplar panel
Height: 23.22 in. (59.00 cm.)
Width: 14.17 in. (36.00 cm.)
Property of the Gemäldegalerie in Berlin, Germany (formerly the Kaiser-Friedrich Museum)

Inventory Number 60B; Missing from Berlin-Friedrichshain Flak tower (Flakturm II) repository, Germany, in early May 1945.

(Source: Gemäldegalerie Staatliche Museen zu Berlin)

Virgin and child with Saints

Benozzo Gozzoli

Medium: oil on canvas
Height: 37.40 in. (95.00 cm.)
Width: 33.46 in. (85.00 cm.)
Property of the Max Fischer Collection

When Max Fischer fled Nazi persecution and emigrated from Germany to the United States in October 1935, he left this painting in his Berlin apartment. Today it may be seen hanging in the museum Hamburger Kunsthalle, Germany, on loan by an unidentified owner.

(Source: Heirs/Representatives)

Couple in a room

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner

Medium: Oil on canvas
Height: 33.70 in. (85.60 cm.)
Width: 26.28 in. (66.50 cm.)
Property of the Max Fischer collection

When Max Fischer emigrated from Germany to the US in October 1935 to flee Nazi persecution, he left the painting in his Berlin apartment. None of the paintings he left behind in Berlin have been recovered. (Source: Heirs/Representatives)

Three boys in blue

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner

Medium: Gouache and ink on linen-structured paper
Height: 7.08 in. (18.00 cm.)
Width: 10.94 in. (27.80 cm.)
Property of Dr. Fritz Salo Glaser

Lost between 1933 and 1945.

(Source: Heirs/Representatives)

Harbor Scene

Paul Klee

Medium: Oil and pen and ink on chalkboard
Height: 11.02 in. (28.00 cm.)
Width: 16.14 in. (41.00 cm.)
Property of Dr. Fitz Salo Glaser

Dr. Glaser was forced to sell this picture in order to pay a Jewish property tax. Handed over to Galerie Nierendorf Berlin by Dr. Glaser on March 5, 1936 and subsequently sold. Current whereabouts unknown.

(Source: Heirs/Representatives)

With the Chinese

Paul Klee

Medium: Oil on canvas
Height: 36.41 in. (92.50 cm.)
Width: 43.11 in. (109.50 cm.)
Property of Dr. Fritz Salo Glaser

Dr. Glaser was forced to sell the Kokoschka to the Dresdner collector Hans Dittmayer in order to pay a Jewish Property Tax. Dittmayer lost it during the course of the war. Last known to be in a private collection in Prague.

(Source: Heirs/Representatives)

Woman with slave

Oskar Kokoschka

Medium: Oil on board
Height: 8.07 in. (20.50 cm.)
Width: 11.41 in. (29.00 cm.)
Property of the Martha and Max Liebermann Collection

With Wolfgang Gurlitt, cousin of art dealer Hildebrand Gurlitt, in Munich in 1960; lost thereafter.

(Source: Heirs/Representatives)

Sleeping woman

Max Liebermann

Medium: oil on pane
Height: 21.25 in. (54.00 cm.)
Width: 18.50 in. (47.00 cm.)
Property of The Filangieri Museum, Naples, Italy

Stolen by soldiers of the German Army from Villa San Paolo di Belsito, Nola, Italy, September 30, 1943.

(Source: Treasures Untraced. An Inventory of the Italian Art Treasures Lost During the Second World War, 1995)

Madonna and Child and Sister Alessandra Bentivoglio

Bernardino Luini

Medium: oil on panel 
Height: 13.77 in. (35.00 cm.)
Width: 9.44 in. (24.00 cm.)
Property of the Uffizi Gallery, Florence, Italy

Stolen by German soldiers of the 305th Infantry Division from Castello di Poppi, near Florence, Italy, between August 22 and 23, 1944. After a short stop in Forli, Italy, the 10th Army truck containing this and other works of art continued north on August 31.

(Source: Treasures Untraced. An Inventory of the Italian Art Treasures Lost During the Second World War, 1995)

Portrait of a Young Man

Hans Memling

Medium: Gouache
Height: 8.66 in. (22.00 cm.)
Width: 13.77 in. (35.00 cm.)
Property of the Sommerguth Collection

Eduard L. Behrens collection Hamburg; 1936 Kunsthandlung Nicolai, Berlin; Collection Sommerguth; July 2, 1939; Forced sale by auction house Hans W. Lange, Berlin.

(Source: Heirs/Representatives)

In the "Jardins des plantes"

Adolph Friedrich Erdmann von Menzel

Medium: marble 
Diameter: 10.23 in. (26.00 cm.)
Property of The Bargello Museum, Florence, Italy

Stolen by German soldiers of the 305th Division between August 22nd and 23rd, 1944 from the Castello di Poppi, Italy. After a short stop in Forlì, Italy, the 10th Army truck containing this work of art and others continued on August 31.

(Source: Treasures Untraced. An Inventory of the Italian Art Treasures Lost During the Second World War, 1995)

Mask of a Faun

Michelangelo

(Attributed to)

Medium: oil on canvas
Height: 19.72 in. (50.10 cm.)
Width: 20.15 in. (51.20 cm.)
Property of The Sophie Lissitzky-Küppers Collection

Missing since 1937 from the Provinzialmuseum in Hannover, Germany, where it was on loan.

(Source: Heirs/Representatives)

Neoplasticisme / Schilderij Nr. 2

Piet Mondrian

Medium: oil on canvas
Height: 17.32 in. (44.00 cm.)
Width: 21.65 in. (55.00 cm.)
Property of Suermondt-Ludwig-Museum Aachen, Germany

Missing since 1945.

(Source: Suermondt-Ludwig-Museum in Aachen)

Thaw

Claude Monet

Medium: Oil on canvas
Height: 16.14 in. (41.00 cm.)
Width: 26.77 in. (68.00 cm.)
Property of Martha and Max Liebermann Collection

Bought by Max Liebermann in France in 1898; visible in a photo hanging in the salon of his Berlin apartment at Pariser Platz, in 1932. It remained in the possession of Liebermann's widow Martha until it was confiscated and sold in Berlin in 1943. (Source: Heirs/Representatives)

Manet painting in Monet's Garden

Claude Monet

Medium: Oil
Height: 33.46 in. (85.00 cm.)
Width: 35.43 in. (90.00 cm.)
Property of Otto Nathan Deutsch

In 1939, Otto Nathan Deutsch was forced out of Germany and had to leave behind his possessions. He fled to Amsterdam where he died on July 26, 1940. He had left behind a number of paintings with a moving company in Frankfurt but they were never delivered to Amsterdam. Their whereabouts are unknown.

(Source: Nolde Stiftung Seebüll)

At the sea II

Emil Nolde

Medium: Oil
Height: 15.74 in. (40.00 cm.)
Width: 13.77 in. (35.00 cm.)
Property of Dr. Georg Koch

Purchased for Sl. Dr. Koch, documented on artist's list ("Purchaser List"). Lost at Hamburg harbor (Überseehafen) in 1939. Painting appeared again in the 1980s and went from a northern Germany collection into a North German Gallery (Kiel or Hamburg?), and after not selling at auction was sold through the Austrian art market (Salzburg) to an unknown purchaser.

(Source: Nolde Stiftung Seebüll)

Red Poppies

Emil Nolde

Height: 16.29 in. (26.00 cm.)
Width: 7.48 in. (19.00 cm.)
Property of the Dr. Max Meirowsky Collection


Forced sale through auction house Hans W. Lange, Berlin, Germany, November 18, 1938.

(Source: Heirs/Representatives)

Bronze Bust of Mrs. Rodin

Auguste Rodin

Medium: Sculpture
Height: 38.97 in. (99.00 cm.)
Property of the Hans Rudolf Fürstenberg Collection

Fürstenberg emigrated from Berlin to France with his property at the end of 1937. It was subsequently confiscated by the Nazi looting agency, Einsatzstab Reichsleiter (ERR). Some of it had been stored at Societe Parisienne de Demenagements et de Garde-Meubles in Paris. On November 16, 19424 the crate with the sculpture was picked up. Fürstenberg had personally bought it from Rodin.

(Source: Heirs/Representatives)

Marble sculpture "Sappho"

Auguste Rodin

Medium: oil on canvas
Property of a Private Collection, Rome, Italy

Stolen by soldiers of the German Army from the EGELI (Institute for Management and Sale of Property, Ministry of Finance) Repository in 1944.

(Source: Treasures Untraced. An Inventory of the Italian Art Treasures Lost During the Second World War, 1995)

Three Theological Virtues

Peter Paul Rubens

Medium: Oil on oak panel
Height: 20.07 in. (51.00 cm.)
Width: 25.59 in. (65.00 cm.)
Property of the Gemäldegalerie in Berlin, Germany (formerly the Kaiser-Friedrich Museum)

Inventory Number 912; Missing from Berlin Friendrichshain Flak tower (Flakturm II) repository, Germany, in early May 1945.

(Source: Gemäldegalerie Staatliche Museen zu Berlin)

Wooded Landscape with flock

Salomon van Ruisdael and Jacob Isaackszoon van Ruisdael

Medium: oil on panel 
Height: 29.52 in. (75.00 cm.)
Width: 23.22 in. (59.00 cm.)
Property of The Czartoryski Museum in Krakow, Poland 

Confiscated by Nazi officials in September 1939 for Hitler's Führermuseum, Linz, Austria. Last seen in Dr. Hans Frank's chalet in Neuhaus on lake Schliersee, Germany, in January 1945.

(Source: Czartoryski Museum in Krakow)

Portrait of a Young Man

Raphael Sanzio

Medium: oil on canvas
Height: 6.69 in. (17.00 cm.)
Width: 9.40 in. (23.90 cm.)
Property of Franz Friedrich (Fritz) Grünbaum

Seized through the Vienna collections office (Innere Stadt-Ost) in 1938.

(Source: Heirs/Representatives)

Boats mirrored in the water

Egon Schiele

Medium: Oil on popular panel
Height: 18.11 in. (46.00 cm.)
Width: 28.34 in. (72.00 cm.)
Property of the Gemaldegalerie in Berlin, Germany (formerly Kaiser-Friedrich Museum)

Inventory Number 1132; Missing from Berlin Friendrichshain Flak tower (Flakturm II) repository, Germany, in early May 1945.

(Source: Gemäldegalerie Staatliche Museen zu Berlin)

Julius Caesar before his Murder

Jacopo del Sellaio

Medium: oil on canvas
Height: 18.89 in. (49.00 cm.)
Width: 22.83 in. (45.00 cm.)
Property of Kulturhistorisches Museum in Magdeburg, Germany (formerly the Kaiser-Friedrich Museum)


Missing from the Stassfurt salt mines art repository near Magdeburg, Germany, on April 12, 1945.

(Source: Kulturhistorisches Museum in Magdeburg, formerly the Kaiser-Friedrich Museum)

Vincent on his way to work / The painter on his way to Tarascon

Vincent van Gogh

Medium: oil on canvas 
Height: 18.50 in. (47.00 cm.)
Width: 13.77 in. (35.00 cm.)
Property of the Palatine Gallery, Pitti Palace, Florence

Stolen by soldiers of the German Army from the art repository in Montagnana, Florence, Italy, in 1944.

(Source: Treasures Untraced. An Inventory of the Italian Art Treasures Lost During the Second World War, 1995)

Vase of Flowers

Jan van Huysum

Medium: oil on canvas
Height: 33.46 in. (85.00 cm.)
Width: 26.77 in. (68.00 cm.)
Property of Friedrich (Fritz) Bernhard Eugen Gutmann

Confiscated by the Nazi Looting organization (ERR) from the Wacker-Bondy warehouse at 236 Blvd. Raspail, Paris, France, in July 1940.

(Source: Heirs/Representatives)

Madonna with Child

Veronese

Medium: Oil on canvas
Height: 22.04 in. (56.00 cm.)
Width: 25.59 in. (65.00 cm.)
Property of the Gemäldegalerie in Berlin, Germany (formerly the Kaiser-Friedrich Museum)

Inventory Number 1840; Missing from Berlin Friendrichshain Flak tower (Flakturm II) repository, Germany, in early May 1945.

(Source: Gemäldegalerie Staatliche Museen zu Berlin)

Interior of a Gothic Church

Emanuel de Whitte

© Monuments Men Foundation 2019